Bacteria have been shown to live in "premises plumbing systems". The latter refers to the "pipes and fixtures within a building that transport water to taps after it is delivered by the utility".[35] Community water systems have been known for centuries to spread waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera. However, "opportunistic premises plumbing pathogens" have been recognized only more recently: Legionella pneumophila, discovered in 1976, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most commonly tracked bacteria, which people with depressed immunity can inhale or ingest and may become infected with.[36] Some of the locations where these opportunistic pathogens can grow include faucets, shower heads, water heaters and along pipe walls. Reasons that favor their growth are "high surface-to-volume ratio, intermittent stagnation, low disinfectant residual, and warming cycles". A high surface-to-volume ratio, i.e. a relatively large surface area allows the bacteria to form a biofilm, which protects them from disinfection.[36]
Specialized plumbing tools include pipe wrenches, flaring pliers, pipe vise, pipe bending machine, pipe cutter, dies, and joining tools such as soldering torches and crimp tools. New tools have been developed to help plumbers fix problems more efficiently. For example, plumbers use video cameras for inspections of hidden leaks or other problems; they also use hydro jets, and high pressure hydraulic pumps connected to steel cables for trench-less sewer line replacement.
Few problems are more urgent than a plumbing emergency. We know that normal life can’t resume until we make the repair. Our plumbers are professional tradespeople on-call around the clock. Armed with experience and the right tools, they quickly diagnose the trouble and tackle the job. Apollo is there for you whether you have an emergency during our regular business hours or in the middle of the night for any kind of drain cleaning Portland OR.
Cast iron and ductile iron pipe was long a lower-cost alternative to copper, before the advent of durable plastic materials but special non-conductive fittings must be used where transitions are to be made to other metallic pipes, except for terminal fittings, in order to avoid corrosion owing to electrochemical reactions between dissimilar metals (see galvanic cell).[18]
For many centuries, lead was the favoured material for water pipes, because its malleability made it practical to work into the desired shape. (Such use was so common that the word "plumbing" derives from plumbum, the Latin word for lead.) This was a source of lead-related health problems in the years before the health hazards of ingesting lead were fully understood; among these were stillbirths and high rates of infant mortality. Lead water pipes were still widely used in the early 20th century, and remain in many households. In addition, lead-tin alloy solder was commonly used to join copper pipes, but modern practice uses tin-antimony alloy solder instead, in order to eliminate lead hazards.[13]

Kay Plumbing Services has been locally owned and operated since 2008. We guarantee high quality, professional plumbing and gas services to the communities of Lexington, Columbia, Gilbert, Elgin, Blythewood, Irmo, Cayce and West Columbia South Carolina. Our plumbers are licensed and insured for new construction, established homes, multi-family residences and commercial businesses.
BrassCraft 1/2 in. Nominal Compression Inlet x 3/8 BrassCraft 1/2 in. Nominal Compression Inlet x 3/8 in. O.D. Compression Outlet 1/4-Turn Straight Valve controls water flow to household plumbing fixtures - faucets toilets dishwashers icemakers washing machines etc. The straight valve is most often used where the water pipe enters the room from the floor. With a 90° ...  More + Product Details Close

Estes Services offers comprehensive plumbing services in Atlanta and the surrounding areas. As our business was founded in 1949, we have seen every kind of problem a homeowner can have – with that type of experience, we have anything and everything covered for you and your plumbing needs. We offer 100% customer satisfaction, delivered with a tradition of integrity.


Apprentice plumber: Apprenticeship programs generally provide the most comprehensive training for novice plumbers. Either union locals and their affiliated companies or nonunion contractor organizations can administer this training. Apprenticeships typically consist of at least three to four years of paid, on-the-job training and some hours of related classroom instruction.

For Plumbers, working in the bustling city of Seattle has its advantages, including an above-average pay rate. Plumbers will also find cushy salaries in Boston (+31 percent), Chicago (+23 percent), New York (+19 percent), and Washington (+16 percent). Those in the field find the lowest salaries in Charlotte, 14 percent below the national average. Below-median salaries also turn up in Miami and Orlando (10 percent lower and 9 percent lower, respectively).
If drains handled clear water only, they’d work great all the time. But household drains are required to deal with soap, grease, hair, dirt and all sorts of items that can clog them up. The professionals at ARS®/Rescue Rooter® have the training and tools to handle any kind of drain-cleaning challenge to get all your drains cleaned and working properly again. From sinks, showers and bathtubs to toilet and floor drains, we can make sure all your drains are doing their job.

Pipe replacement may be necessary for a variety of reasons. If you need to replace the old pipes in your whole home, or switch out a small section, Mike Diamond Services will ensure the process is timely and efficient. Old pipes can be the root of a variety of problems, and it’s important to replace them before they cause further damage to your home.
As Thanksgiving and the ensuing party of guests approach, there is no better time than now to get moving on improving the functionality of your house. After all, who doesn’t like compliments on their place from friends and family? Now let’s address some of the areas of your home that you can improve just in time for the company. Do You Have a Leaky Faucet? There is no doubt people will be around your sinks on Turkey Day. Whether it is washing hands in the bathroom, working in the kitchen or desperately trying to douse that Pinot Noir out of your favorite holiday sweater, your sink will most likely be receiving some high traffic. There is no better way to find the perfect part to repair that leak than by using our very own Danco x Lowe’s Leaky Faucet Guide! Optimize Your Toilet for Efficiency Whenever there is a high volume of food, some other nuisances come with it. But how do you prepare? Well, thanks to our innovative product brand, Next by Danco, we have the ultimate solution for you. One of these is the Water-Saving Toilet Total Repair Kit! This tool converts your toilet to one of extremely high-efficiency. With drop-in installation, it is a very simple fix to convert your toilet into a two-flush system. With both quick and full flush, you can save a high volume of water when your flush doesn’t really need it! So check it out. Keep Your Garbage Disposal Free of Things…
In the United Kingdom the professional body is the Chartered Institute of Plumbing and Heating Engineering (educational charity status) and it is true that the trade still remains virtually ungoverned;[41] there are no systems in place to monitor or control the activities of unqualified plumbers or those home owners who choose to undertake installation and maintenance works themselves, despite the health and safety issues which arise from such works when they are undertaken incorrectly; see Health Aspects of Plumbing (HAP) published jointly by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Plumbing Council (WPC).[42][43] WPC has subsequently appointed a representative to the World Health Organization to take forward various projects related to Health Aspects of Plumbing.[44]
Luke and Seng were wonderful. Water not draining is troubling for any homeowner. Both were very professional and comforting as they assessed and worked to correct my problem. I was alarmed when is was not a quick fix but they made the extra effort to correct my problem so no concrete floor is being wrapped up today. Benjamin Franklin plumbing is on at the top of my list.
late 14c. (from c.1100 as a surname), "a worker in any sort of lead" (roofs, gutters, pipes), from Old French plomier "lead-smelter" (Modern French plombier) and directly from Latin plumbarius "worker in lead," noun use of adjective meaning "pertaining to lead," from plumbum "lead" (see plumb (n.)). Meaning focused 19c. on "workman who installs pipes and fittings" as lead water pipes became the principal concern of the trade. In U.S. Nixon administration (1969-74), the name of a special unit for investigation of "leaks" of government secrets.
The Pink Plumber truly leads the way when it comes to plumbing services for both residences and commercial properties. Whether you have an emergency, you are installing new fixtures or you just need routine maintenance our expert staff is here to help 24/7. We understand that you depend on your plumber to get to the root of the plumbing problem and provide an effective solution. We provide outstanding client service which is one of the main reasons why we have thousands of satisfied clients.
My kitchen sink clogged up late Sunday and I was frantically calling plumbers that were supposedly open for service late on Sunday. Out of the ten plumbers that were called, only two answered their phone and and was glad Edward was one of them. He was courteous and professional. He wasn't able to fit me in Sunday night, I totally understood, but was bale to fit me in the next day. He was able to unclogged my drain and fix the pipes that I messed up trying to do the work myself. Work area was left clean and price was very affordable. Would absolutely use his services again.
The Pink Plumber truly leads the way when it comes to plumbing services for both residences and commercial properties. Whether you have an emergency, you are installing new fixtures or you just need routine maintenance our expert staff is here to help 24/7. We understand that you depend on your plumber to get to the root of the plumbing problem and provide an effective solution. We provide outstanding client service which is one of the main reasons why we have thousands of satisfied clients.

Then again, if you don’t have the time, tools, or inclination to do your own plumbing repairs, you can hire a pro. A plumber can handle nearly any problem that involves pipes, from replacing a garbage disposal to unclogging a bathtub drain, but, if your problem is a stopped-up drain, you’re usually better off calling a drain-clearing service because these are generally less expensive.

Nothing wears on homeowners like the idea of handling plumbing problems. From the water heater to sewer line, let Mr. Rooter Plumbing take the pressure off of you (and put it back in your shower lines). Our plumbers are the most recognized professionals in the world because we’re committed to amazing service and amazing results. In everything we do, our team makes sure your home’s plumbing issues are solved with the most effective and long-lasting solutions.
While certain plumbing issues, such as a minor toilet clog, can be quickly addressed with do-it-yourself methods, most plumbing problems require the assistance of a professional. Most homes' plumbing comprises a series of incredibly complex, interconnected systems that require the care and knowledge of an experienced plumber. With nearly 30 years in the industry, Horizon Services can handle your every plumbing need. From routine drain cleaning to water heater repair to emergency plumbing services, our highly-trained plumbers have seen it all! We rely on advanced techniques, including trenchless sewer repair, and cutting-edge technology in order to provide you with superior plumbing services, every time. We are proud to offer same day service and next day installation at no additional charge, and we provide emergency plumbing services at any time of day or night, including holidays, for the same low rate as our standard services.
Do you have a leaky faucet? Broken water heater? Clogged drain? At 4 Star Plumbing Services, we offer solutions to all of your plumbing, drain cleaning and water heater problems. Our technicians, who service Fort Lauderdale, Pompano Beach, Hollywood, Pembroke Pines, Weston, Plantation, Coral Springs, Parkland and the surrounding neighborhoods take pride in a high standard of work and customer satisfaction. We focus not only on what we do, but how we do it. We take our job seriously. We have an A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau.
Eduardo is the best!  I had a leaking kitchen sink and after watching YouTube I decided to try and fix it myself.  I got most of the repair done but still had a small leak.  I called Eduardo and he offered for me to text him a picture of the issue.  I did and he was able to guide me through fixing the problem.  No house call needed and no charge!  He's earned my business for any future plumbing issues that I can't handle.

My kitchen sink clogged up late Sunday and I was frantically calling plumbers that were supposedly open for service late on Sunday. Out of the ten plumbers that were called, only two answered their phone and and was glad Edward was one of them. He was courteous and professional. He wasn't able to fit me in Sunday night, I totally understood, but was bale to fit me in the next day. He was able to unclogged my drain and fix the pipes that I messed up trying to do the work myself. Work area was left clean and price was very affordable. Would absolutely use his services again.


Augering the sewer main line is Roto-Rooter's stock in trade, a service they have been providing since the 1930s. The process begins by wheeling their large root-cutting machine into your house and as close as possible to your sewer trap. Electric access is needed. The technician opens up the sewer trap and advances the auger down the sewer line. At the end is a rotating cutting head that cuts into shreds the soft obstructions, sending them down the sewer line and to the city main line. The Roto-Rooter machine is even strong enough to cut through tree roots. But should the tree root prove to be too strong, it might break the auger head.
“Don’t assume that every Mr. Fix-it advertising his services in the local Pennysaver or on Craigslist is a licensed plumber,” says one New York plumber. There is no national standard for issuing licenses. Some plumbers are licensed by the state, others by the counties they work in. Check with your local city hall or chamber of commerce. They should be able to direct you to the appropriate source for a list of licensed plumbers in your area.
Cast iron and ductile iron pipe was long a lower-cost alternative to copper, before the advent of durable plastic materials but special non-conductive fittings must be used where transitions are to be made to other metallic pipes, except for terminal fittings, in order to avoid corrosion owing to electrochemical reactions between dissimilar metals (see galvanic cell).[18]
For plumbing in Ventura County, Ca you should be able to call the best at any time day or night to handle all your plumbing services. The best, of course, is Roto-Rooter Plumber Ventura, Ca. Reliable plumbing means a reliable plumber. Don’t just choose the first name that you find, choose the best services by calling Roto-Rooter in Ventura County. (805) 620-3700
Pipe replacement may be necessary for a variety of reasons. If you need to replace the old pipes in your whole home, or switch out a small section, Mike Diamond Services will ensure the process is timely and efficient. Old pipes can be the root of a variety of problems, and it’s important to replace them before they cause further damage to your home.

Plumbers in Australia have licensing requirements that differ from state to state but it is generally accepted a 4-year apprenticeship with a further minimum experience of 2 years (6 years total) and a further curricular requirement as a benchmark for licensing. Licensed plumbers are also expected to maintain minimum relevant training requirements to maintain their plumbing license
The Oatey 8 oz. Handy Pack Purple Primer The Oatey 8 oz. Handy Pack Purple Primer and Solvent Cement contains code-listed primer and solvent cement needed for solvent-welding PVC pipe and fittings. Can be used with up to 4 in. Dia piping. Convenient Handy Pack for storage - just add pipe and fittings. Due to the nature of ...  More + Product Details Close
Whether you need basic plumbing maintenance, or are looking to hire a plumber to create your dream kitchen—or bath, Amazon Home Services has listings of the best professional plumbers to help get you there. Sit back, and let an expert take care of the Clogged Drain Repair, Garbage Disposal Replacement, Showerhead Replacement, Leaky Faucet, Sink Replacement, or Toilet Replacement—and watch your kitchen and bath dreams come to life.
Amazon Home Services has a wide variety of plumbing services available to help you create and fix your bathroom, kitchen, sinks, faucets, drains, and even hot water dispensers and under-sink water filtration systems. Find top-notch plumbers through listing on Amazon Home Services to find great plumbing services at competitive prices. You can keep your bathroom in tip-top shape with our Toilet Replacement service, Showerhead Replacement service, Clogged Drain Repair service, and Bathtub Liner.
The Handy customer service team is online 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you have any concerns either before, during, or after your job, someone will be in contact with you to help make things right. No matter how big or small your job is, we’re confident that you’ll be satisfied by the affordable plumbers on the Handy platform. When you book local plumbing services through Handy, you’re in charge of when the work gets done. And should your situation change, you can always cancel or reschedule your appointment with at least to 24 hours’ notice.

For plumbing in Ventura County, Ca you should be able to call the best at any time day or night to handle all your plumbing services. The best, of course, is Roto-Rooter Plumber Ventura, Ca. Reliable plumbing means a reliable plumber. Don’t just choose the first name that you find, choose the best services by calling Roto-Rooter in Ventura County. (805) 620-3700
A water leak can have a devastating impact on your business. It is important to find and repair any water leaks before they cause damage to your commercial property or pose a safety risk to your business and your customers. When your business is facing down time due to broken or leaking pipes, you need a commercial plumber to solve your problem quickly and get your business up and running quickly, reliably and safely. Roto-Rooter plumbers are available 24/7 to handle commercial water leaks and serve your business.
It’s a smell and a sight that no one wants to see in their home. If your home has a main sewer line backup, call the family-owned Houston plumbers with over 50 years of experience – John Moore Services. Our master plumbers will inspect your home’s plumbing system and examine the pipes from the inside out using cables and high-tech sewer line cameras to determine the cause and extent of the stoppage. No cookie-cutter fixes here. Each situation is unique, and the visual inspection of your line allows the John Moore team to determine the best possible fix for your specific issue. And with our upfront pricing, there will be no surprises. For sewer backups and main line clean outs, replacements and repair, you can count on our plumbing company in Houston.

Even the smallest leak can be costly and lead to potential long-term damage, and letting them go untouched will only further deteriorate your home. Whether you need emergency service or a check-up to determine the location of the leak, call the professionals at Mike Diamond. We’ll visually attempt to detect the leak in your plumbing and repair it the same day whenever possible.
We offer several financing options for new equipment, as well as our Priority Club Membership that grants members exclusive discounts, priority service, annual tune-ups, and much more. Plus, we make it our mission to give back to the community that’s continually supported us for decades. Our team members regularly donate their time, money, and efforts to numerous charitable organizations, fundraising endeavors, and worthwhile causes throughout the Northern Virginia and suburban Maryland area.
Today Eduardo came to our home to fix the upstairs toilet. I noticed a water stain on my ceiling a couple months ago, and after measuring the distance from the wall, traced it to the toilet upstairs. I called another highly rated company on Yelp before calling Eduardo, and it was extremely difficult to get a pricing estimate from the woman who picked up. When I finally did get an estimate (after answering many of her questions) it ended up being much higher than what Eduardo charges. I definitely recommend giving Eduardo a call if you need help. He is straightforward, honest, and was instantly able to give me a price for a toilet reset. He was also upfront about additional costs if the fix ended up being more complicated, and could logically explain his pricing to me. I immediately felt like I could trust him to clearly identify problems and charge a fair price for his work. My parents don't speak much English, but he was very patient with us today while I translated for them, which I truly appreciate. When he came by today, he explained what he was doing step by step; he was very clear about the pros, cons, and costs associated with our different options. Eduardo's attitude is great, and I feel like he genuinely wanted to help us. Definitely the kind of person who you want to work with. My parents have already passed his information onto all of their church friends, and I have him saved as a contact in case I ever need help again. Thank you Eduardo! :)
Luke and Seng were wonderful. Water not draining is troubling for any homeowner. Both were very professional and comforting as they assessed and worked to correct my problem. I was alarmed when is was not a quick fix but they made the extra effort to correct my problem so no concrete floor is being wrapped up today. Benjamin Franklin plumbing is on at the top of my list.
Being without hot water is no fun. But when you call Houston’s hometown plumbers, John Moore Services, you won’t have to go without hot water for long. Since 1965, Houstonians have counted on John Moore to have their water heaters replaced quickly and correctly. John Moore installs both Traditional and Tankless Water Heaters, so feel free to ask our licensed plumbers any questions you may have if you are interested in making a switch to tankless. Only select water heaters and water heater parts and connections pass our strict quality standards, so you can rest assured that your new water heater will be an efficient, cost-effective solution that will continue to meet your needs safely for many years to come.

Few problems are more urgent than a plumbing emergency. We know that normal life can’t resume until we make the repair. Our plumbers are professional tradespeople on-call around the clock. Armed with experience and the right tools, they quickly diagnose the trouble and tackle the job. Apollo is there for you whether you have an emergency during our regular business hours or in the middle of the night for any kind of drain cleaning Portland OR.
Clogged screen: Many kitchen faucets have an aerator screen that improves water flow. These can become gradually clogged, resulting in reduced water pressure. These can usually be removed easily by unscrewing them from the end-point of the faucet. If you need to use a wrench or pliers, be sure to cover the metal with cloth to prevent scratching. Just rinse out the screen and screw it back on.
Eduardo is the most helpful and honest plumber I have encountered. I've had many pipe leaks at our place and have found many companies charge ridiculous fees on top of the exorbitant amount for the repair. I recently had a leak and a company came out and left without detecting all the leaks. Not wanting to be taken twice by the same company (Always Plumbing), I called around and Eduardo took the time in his very busy schedule to talk to me and coached me on what needed to be done. Although he was not available to come out due to his schedule, I was equipped with knowledge of what needed to be done. I will be calling him first from now on. Thank you!
Roto-Rooter does more than unclog drains. We offer a full range of sewer services, including main sewer line repair, sewer line replacement, and sewer line cleaning. It is critical to get the proper help to repair or replace the sewer lines as soon as possible to avoid damage. Our plumbing professionals are trained to address the following sewer plumbing problems:
I hired Eduardo to replace some faucets, air switches and a shower head. He did a GREAT job and was reasonably priced compared to other plumbers in the area. Eduardo was also easy to work with and very responsive to all my questions. I would HIGHLY recommend him for anyone looking for an honest plumber in the area who will do the job right. Thanks again Eduardo!
Another way to avoid a service call from your plumber is to make sure the outside faucets are turned off in the winter and make sure you disconnect the outside hoses. You need to shut the water off from the inside. Then, open the valve on the outside to let the water that’s in there drain out—you switch both of them to the opposite direction so one is always closed and one is always open. We have to fix tons of these in the spring mostly because people leave their outside hoses connected and they freeze up. The repair could cost $100-$200 or more. Another tip would be if you’re going away for any length of time, like on vacation, turn off your water. If on any of those days the temperature drops below freezing, have someone check in on your house. I’ve been called to homes where the family returned from vacation, and there was water flooding out from the front door.

*Price per line. Full size external clean-out access required for drain cleaning and video inspection. Residential Only. Valid at participating ARS® / Rescue Rooter® Network locations. Not valid for third party, new construction customers, with any other offers or discounts, or prior sales. Coupon required at time of service. Void if copied or transferred and where prohibited. Any other use may constitute fraud. See service center for details. Cash value $.001. ARS® Rescue Rooter®. License # TACLA018810E R. Hoffart, MPL41408 S. Neidig, TECL28671 M. James. Offer expires: 2/28/2019.

Eduardo is the best!  I had a leaking kitchen sink and after watching YouTube I decided to try and fix it myself.  I got most of the repair done but still had a small leak.  I called Eduardo and he offered for me to text him a picture of the issue.  I did and he was able to guide me through fixing the problem.  No house call needed and no charge!  He's earned my business for any future plumbing issues that I can't handle.


The salary is comparable to that in some trade jobs, like plumbers ($57,070), electricians ($57,910) and food service managers ($57,250). — Eugene Scott, Washington Post, "The teacher boycotts are a reminder of what Americans often get wrong about ‘class’," 5 Apr. 2018 His great-grandfather was a Sacramento saddlemaker, his grandfather a plumber. — Mike Dunne, sacbee, "Light-handed approach paying off for Sacramento winemaker Craig Haarmeyer | The Sacramento Bee," 28 Mar. 2018 Nichols acknowledges that experts span a broad range of professions, from academics to plumbers and auto mechanics. — John Timmer, Ars Technica, "First thing we do, let’s kill all the experts," 21 Oct. 2018 Prior to his retirement, Joe was employed for over 20 years as a plumber by the town of East Hartford-Board of Education. — courant.com, "Joseph M. McCarthy," 29 Mar. 2018 Repair and installation basics Experienced DIY plumbers should begin by giving themselves a thorough understanding of the appliance. — Roy Berendson, Popular Mechanics, "How To Fix a Water Heater, Or Install a New One," 14 Nov. 2018 The Best Choice for Ordinary Folks Not everybody who uses pliers has the hand and forearm strength of a plumber or an electrician. — Roy Berendsohn, Popular Mechanics, "You Know What Makes a Great Stocking Stuffer? Pliers.," 29 Nov. 2018 In addition to long hours for retail workers, Black Friday is the busiest day of the year for plumbers. — Amina Lake Abdelrahman, Good Housekeeping, "9 Fascinating Facts About Black Friday History," 21 Aug. 2018 In 2015, Homesense Heating and Cooling acquired the building and spent more than $1 million to redevelop it into Refinery 46, a co-working space for home service providers such as electricians and plumbers. — Liz Biro, Indianapolis Star, "Double 8 grocery stores: Here's what they are now," 1 May 2018
Home repairs and maintenance shouldn’t get pushed to the bottom of the to-do list. Unfortunately, most people don’t think they need plumbing repair services until there’s an emergency. While some plumbing issues may seem minor, they could actually be serious emergencies in the making. Routine repairs from Mr. Rooter® Plumbing are affordable, and they’ll save you from paying for emergency plumbing rescue in the future.
Apprentice plumber: Apprenticeship programs generally provide the most comprehensive training for novice plumbers. Either union locals and their affiliated companies or nonunion contractor organizations can administer this training. Apprenticeships typically consist of at least three to four years of paid, on-the-job training and some hours of related classroom instruction.
I have no problem paying for any service I receive but when Allied Reddi-Rooter came into my home and immediately tell me and them tell me it would cost me 350.00 for them to install a new Rheem water heater (his recommendation) that cost 409.00 I have a problem. If the cost is exactly how Home Advisor indicates then he’s charging 350.00an hour.  I did my homework checked with other plumbers and it. Would not take an hour to remove old and install the new water heater. Thank Goodness I did my research won’t be using their services and I will be letting others know what happen to me. Shame on you Allied
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")[22] out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.[22]
 CON'T FROM COMMENTS EARLIER.  However,  the  installation took less than 3/4/ hour and was a basic regulator with no other function.  Looking up the price afterwards, invoice did not list type or price, it appears that it would have cost me around $60 for the regulator and another $15 or so for the additional supplies necessary to install it and it was really a rather simple job with easy access.    Given that, it seems that $300 for less that  an hours worth of on site work,  company says it does not include commute time in its prices, is a little high.  While flat rate quotes are nice, they must take into consideration situations where the work load differs depending on the circumstances.  Therefore, unless you are at the upper end of the harder work needed than the average job. it can be argued that my estimated price of $300 for labor was more than a little high.  Maybe I am wrong since I have not used their services for years and  am not knowledgeable of the costs of equipment and professional labor today.  
×