Bacteria have been shown to live in "premises plumbing systems". The latter refers to the "pipes and fixtures within a building that transport water to taps after it is delivered by the utility".[35] Community water systems have been known for centuries to spread waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera. However, "opportunistic premises plumbing pathogens" have been recognized only more recently: Legionella pneumophila, discovered in 1976, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most commonly tracked bacteria, which people with depressed immunity can inhale or ingest and may become infected with.[36] Some of the locations where these opportunistic pathogens can grow include faucets, shower heads, water heaters and along pipe walls. Reasons that favor their growth are "high surface-to-volume ratio, intermittent stagnation, low disinfectant residual, and warming cycles". A high surface-to-volume ratio, i.e. a relatively large surface area allows the bacteria to form a biofilm, which protects them from disinfection.[36]
Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications. Plumbing uses pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, tanks, and other apparatuses to convey fluids.[1] Heating and cooling (HVAC), waste removal, and potable water delivery are among the most common uses for plumbing, but it is not limited to these applications.[2] The word derives from the Latin for lead, plumbum, as the first effective pipes used in the Roman era were lead pipes.[3]

Hello, I too have a Lennox pellet stove, the Eilite mase in 2008. Ours hasn't been professionally cleaned ever. And now it has built up with dust and in the different compartments in the two side panels such as the blowes, motors, and switches. Now when we run it, it will start up and run fine for about 20 minutes and then shuts down. Today I got it to run for 3 hours and then it stopped feeding pellets. I've cleaned out the hooper with a shop vac, vaccummed thoroughly inside the stove, and wiped the visible and reachable dust, but it still isn't working properly. Did you find out any information about your stove. I'm having trouble finding DIY videos for this brand.


Do you have a leaky faucet? Broken water heater? Clogged drain? At 4 Star Plumbing Services, we offer solutions to all of your plumbing, drain cleaning and water heater problems. Our technicians, who service Fort Lauderdale, Pompano Beach, Hollywood, Pembroke Pines, Weston, Plantation, Coral Springs, Parkland and the surrounding neighborhoods take pride in a high standard of work and customer satisfaction. We focus not only on what we do, but how we do it. We take our job seriously. We have an A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau.
A sewer leak on your drain line, or main sewer line, can be hard to detect and can also damage your property. Standing or ponding water from leaking sewer lines are also a health hazard and frequently go undiagnosed. Leaking drain pipes can also undermine your drain system and cause separations. Our plumbers often perform a dye test to pinpoint the source because the source of leaking water can be hard to detect. Commonly, pipes or water service lines are replaced, only to discover they were not the source of a leak. Suprisingly enough, sewer water is not always dirty or discolored and often gets mistaken for a water supply line leak.
Our well-known jingle says it all—when you trust Roto-Rooter, we solve your residential plumbing and drain problems fast. Roto-Rooter is North America’s #1 residential plumbing repair and drain service company. Homeowners everywhere have relied on Roto-Rooter since 1935 for honest, professional advice on all types of drain cleaning and plumbing services.
County Wide Mechanical Services has been a leading plumbing and HVAC company in Connecticut since 2007. We’re dedicated to outstanding customer service and is committed to using the most efficient and advanced techniques, which means your satisfaction is guaranteed. We provide top notch rooter service and plumbing solutions for commercial and residential customers.
We are the highly experienced emergency plumber providing 24-hour plumbing services throughout Los Angeles, Orange County and surrounding area in California. Our professional plumbing technicians are experts at all things plumbing, and we take pride in nurturing home-grown plumbers through our in-house training program. Take a look at our service areas.  No local plumbing company can beat our service or our coverage area. 

The Handy customer service team is online 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you have any concerns either before, during, or after your job, someone will be in contact with you to help make things right. No matter how big or small your job is, we’re confident that you’ll be satisfied by the affordable plumbers on the Handy platform. When you book local plumbing services through Handy, you’re in charge of when the work gets done. And should your situation change, you can always cancel or reschedule your appointment with at least to 24 hours’ notice.
Had Tony Brady from Benjamin Franklin in today for service on my toilet. This the first time I have needed to hire a plumber. I has very happy with the service I received. My appointment was set from 10am-2pm, and he arrived by 1030. Everything was explained to me, from what was wrong to the billing info. We had a second issue, and still Tony was done within the hour. When he heard that I had an issue when trying to book my appointment, he was empowered and made it right! I will for sure use Benjamin Franklin plumbing again (that is if I cant figure it out by watching youtube!)!!!
Eduardo is the best! I had a leaking kitchen sink and after watching YouTube I decided to try and fix it myself. I got most of the repair done but still had a small leak. I called Eduardo and he offered for me to text him a picture of the issue. I did and he was able to guide me through fixing the problem. No house call needed and no charge! He's earned my business for any future plumbing issues that I can't handle. 

We understand how frustrating it can be to come home to an unexpected plumbing problem. That is why our team works hard to provide solutions you can trust. Our job is to make your life easier, not add to your plumbing problem. You can expect nothing short of exceptional service from start to finish.As a full-service plumbing company we are able to offer our customers the best solutions using the latest techniques and technology. You can be confident that the job will be completed through safe and proven methods. Because our goal is the same as yours: to make sure you enjoy the safety, comfort, and peace of mind you deserve.


I just had my pipe under the sink unclogged  and new pipes put in $600.00, then they flushed out the pipe from under the sink to the outside pipe $700.00, Total of $1.600.00, I thought that the price was high, I got the plumber from Home Advisors, not sure they had to do all they did but they said I needed the work done.  The same evening hike using the dishwasher I had a leak in one of the pipes they put in, they came back the next day to fix it. Don't know if I will use them again.. They were K&D kitchens.

Eduardo is the best!  I had a leaking kitchen sink and after watching YouTube I decided to try and fix it myself.  I got most of the repair done but still had a small leak.  I called Eduardo and he offered for me to text him a picture of the issue.  I did and he was able to guide me through fixing the problem.  No house call needed and no charge!  He's earned my business for any future plumbing issues that I can't handle.


Our plumbers are licensed, bonded, and insured and meet our rigid trust certification standards. Our services are guaranteed in writing against defects in materials and workmanship. So if you need to repair, maintain, or improve your plumbing or septic system, you can rely on Parker & Sons. Our plumbing service includes a 100% money back guarantee and our customer care policies are unmatched in the industry.
"They replaced the entire sewer line from the house to the street using a technique called “pipe bursting” where they pull a new line through the old line. We used a coupon where for $93 they freed up a clog in our old line and put a camera down the line to figure out what the problem was... I like that they didn’t have to dig up my yard for this particular technique..."

Local plumbers on the Handy platform have experience in fixing all the common (and uncommon) plumbing problems that plague homes. Whether you’ve got a water heater leaking, a clogged toilet, or a blocked drain, chances are that your plumber will have seen and dealt with a similar job before. When you use the Handy app or website, you’ll be connected to experienced plumbers who’ll know exactly what to do, no matter how big or small the job might be.


My anxiety level always rises when I get a call after 11pm. Worst case scenario: a family emergency or a sewer backup. When it’s raining hard, guess which one it is? After a couple of nasty nighttime backups, it was time to face reality and get the seweroscopy. The rooter guys put the camera down and discovered a sewer belly, or dip in the sewer line where crap collects; time to replace at least 20′ of our ancient clay main sewer line. We selected 3 firms from Consumers Checkbook to estimate the…
While certain plumbing issues, such as a minor toilet clog, can be quickly addressed with do-it-yourself methods, most plumbing problems require the assistance of a professional. Most homes' plumbing comprises a series of incredibly complex, interconnected systems that require the care and knowledge of an experienced plumber. With nearly 30 years in the industry, Horizon Services can handle your every plumbing need. From routine drain cleaning to water heater repair to emergency plumbing services, our highly-trained plumbers have seen it all! We rely on advanced techniques, including trenchless sewer repair, and cutting-edge technology in order to provide you with superior plumbing services, every time. We are proud to offer same day service and next day installation at no additional charge, and we provide emergency plumbing services at any time of day or night, including holidays, for the same low rate as our standard services.
With experience and expertise, your local plumbers will be able to inspect your plumbing repairs and fixtures and identify where any problems may have originated. With the right tools on hand, they’ll be able to fix the problem, right there and then. If your water heater has triggered a full-blown flood, they’ll know exactly how and where to shut off the water supply. Should the flood be the result of a burst pipe, they’ll be able to change it before it can do any additional damage. Expert, cheap, and local plumbers know a lot about their craft that we do not, and the Handy platform gives you the opportunity to book them and benefit from their knowledge and ability.
Sewer main lines are mysterious places because, until recently, no one had any idea of the nature of the blockage. Roto-Rooter and other emergency plumbers would run the augering rooter machine down the line and hope that it adequately chewed through the obstruction to get the waste running again. But sewer video machines now allow plumbers and homeowners to see exactly what is blocking the line.
Mounted under the sink, the garbage disposal is meant for chopping up small bits of waste food.  When switched on the motor spins and impellers — also called lugs — throw bits of food against a grinder ring. You should always run water while using the garbage disposal; once the garbage disposal does its job, the water flushes the finely chopped particles down the drain.
If you own a home and your plumbing toolkit consists of a lone plunger, chances are sooner than later you’ll need to tap into the knowledge or advice from someone versed in common plumbing repairs. Ace can help you in a pinch. While a plunger can be handy in several different scenarios, Ace Hardware has the plumbing tools, plumbing supplies and knowledgeable plumbing advice on hand to face a plumbing problem head on.

"lead hung on a string to show the vertical line," early 14c., from Old French *plombe, plomee "sounding lead," and directly from Late Latin *plumba, originally plural of Latin plumbum "lead (the metal), lead ball; pipe; pencil," a word of unknown origin, related to Greek molybdos "lead" (dialectal bolimos) and perhaps from an extinct Mediterranean language, perhaps Iberian.


My plumbing experience was  to have the plumbing  disconnected under the sink so the counter top and new sink could be installed.  I thought the service  of $115 was high, but usually if there is an additional fees, it is usually rolled into the cost of repairs or labor.  This company also charged 3.75 % for putting it on a credit card, which was not mentioned until I received the invoice in the mail after paying on the phone.
Pay by Experience for a Plumber has a positive trend. An entry-level Plumber with less than 5 years of experience can expect to earn an average total compensation of $37,000 based on 1,867 salaries provided by anonymous users. Average total compensation includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay. A Plumber with mid-career experience which includes employees with 5 to 10 years of experience can expect to earn an average total compensation of $47,000 based on 1,454 salaries. An experienced Plumber which includes employees with 10 to 20 years of experience can expect to earn an average total compensation of $52,000 based on 2,028 salaries. A Plumber with late-career experience which includes employees with greater than 20 years of experience can expect to earn an average total compensation of $55,000 based on 1,197 salaries.
*$200 minimum purchase required. Valid at participating ARS® Network locations. Not valid for third party, new construction or commercial customers, with any other offers, discounts or prior sales. See service center for details. Coupon required at time of service. Void if copied or transferred and where prohibited. Any other use may constitute fraud. Cash value $.001. Offer expires 02/28/2019.
You will be presented with options for repair or replacement, and our technicians will provide advice on the most cost-effective solution. We have a background in both commercial and residential plumbing. Whether you need drain cleaning, water heater repair, sewer line installation, water softener installation, or anything in between, we have you covered. We only use top-notch equipment and materials, and our experts can lead you to the best environmentally safe products available.

Plumbing problems can happen unexpectedly. Make sure you have a reliable expert in your network for fast service. Look to Oswalt’s Sewer Rooter & Plumbing Repair for the solution you need. As local plumbers serving Bossier City, Shreveport, and surrounding areas, we are committed to providing our community with the best service possible. When you work with us you will find a team of professionals who are passionate about customer service and delivering the results you deserve.
My kitchen sink clogged up late Sunday and I was frantically calling plumbers that were supposedly open for service late on Sunday. Out of the ten plumbers that were called, only two answered their phone and and was glad Edward was one of them. He was courteous and professional. He wasn't able to fit me in Sunday night, I totally understood, but was bale to fit me in the next day. He was able to unclogged my drain and fix the pipes that I messed up trying to do the work myself. Work area was left clean and price was very affordable. Would absolutely use his services again.

Oswalt’s Sewer Rooter & Plumbing Repair is a local expert that has your best interests in mind. We are passionate about helping our community in Bossier City, Shreveport, and the surrounding areas in northwest Louisiana. Our technicians and support team work together to provide you with a hassle-free experience. We want our customers to feel comfortable in their own homes or offices, and tailor our services to meet your needs.
Hello I had a plumber do an estimate for me to replace our copper pipes with plastic as we have no existing walls up in our basement yet...pretty basic job... so we figured we could upgrade as we do live in Northern Ontario and it does tend to get quite cold here in the winters.  We dont have any existing problems with our plumbing right now just figured it would be good time to do the job and perhaps change the pipes to 3 quarter inch for faster flow.  Well I never thought in all my life I would get an estimate back that would state $350.00 an hour in labor...yes that is correct $350.00 an hour...estimated 10 hours for the job to be completed.  So he quoted me $3500.00 for labor alone.. not supplies?  Well needless to say I will be happy with my half inch copper pipes and will happily wait for my bathtub to fill up at a slower pace.  Just wanted to know what your thoughts are on this $350.00 an hour quote?  Thank you and enjoy your day.
Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Philadelphia,[17] Boston, and Montreal in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.
×