Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Philadelphia,[17] Boston, and Montreal in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.
BrassCraft 1/2 in. FIP Inlet x 3/8 in. BrassCraft 1/2 in. FIP Inlet x 3/8 in. O.D. Compression Outlet 1/4-Turn Angle Valve controls water flow to household plumbing fixtures - faucets toilets dishwashers icemakers washing machines etc. The angle valve is most often used where the water pipe enters the room from the wall. With a 90° turn ...  More + Product Details Close

I just had my pipe under the sink unclogged  and new pipes put in $600.00, then they flushed out the pipe from under the sink to the outside pipe $700.00, Total of $1.600.00, I thought that the price was high, I got the plumber from Home Advisors, not sure they had to do all they did but they said I needed the work done.  The same evening hike using the dishwasher I had a leak in one of the pipes they put in, they came back the next day to fix it. Don't know if I will use them again.. They were K&D kitchens.

^ Jump up to: a b Joseph O. Falkinham III; Elizabeth D. Hilborn; Matthew J. Arduino; Amy Pruden; Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspectives;. 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
Thank you Eduardo for you excellent service and professionalism. We are very happy with our new faucet fixtures, we will be calling you out soon for replacement on others in our remaining bathrooms, the new valves under the sinks look great also! Excellent work! If your looking for an honest hardworking above and beyond plumber Eduardo is your best choice, Call him!
Wall thickness does not affect pipe or tubing size.[21] 1/2" L copper has the same outer diameter as 1/2" K or M copper. The same applies to pipe schedules. As a result, a slight increase in pressure losses is realized due to a decrease in flowpath as wall thickness is increased. In other words, 1 foot of 1/2" L copper has slightly less volume than 1 foot of 1/2 M copper.[citation needed]
Keeping your trash dispoal clean isn't very difficult or time consuming. Fill the sink at least half full of soapy water. Remove the stopper from the drain while simultaneously turning on the disposal. This will fill the entire disposal with soapy water and help to flush out food buildup. It will also clean the blades and flush your pipes with clean water.
Severe plumbing emergencies can cause a lot of collateral damage and result in high costs if not addressed immediately. For example, if your basement floods at 2:00 A.M., it’s vital that an emergency plumber visits right away to resolve the problem and prevent further water damage. Our technicians can arrive at your residence as soon as possible, bringing state-of-the-art equipment to address the plumbing emergency, complete the job in a timely and efficient manner, and get your household plumbing systems back to normal quickly. Providing 24/7 plumbing is just one of the many services Roto Rooter fulfills.
Sewer main lines are mysterious places because, until recently, no one had any idea of the nature of the blockage. Roto-Rooter and other emergency plumbers would run the augering rooter machine down the line and hope that it adequately chewed through the obstruction to get the waste running again. But sewer video machines now allow plumbers and homeowners to see exactly what is blocking the line.
DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent home improvement and repair website. We welcome your comments and suggestions. All information is provided "AS IS." Website operating problems contact [email protected] Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be submitted to our "DoItYourself.com Community Forums". Copyright© 1995-2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. All rights reserved. You may freely link to this site, and use it for non-commercial use subject to our terms of use. View our Privacy Policy here.

Don’t let a clogged sink or clogged drain spoil your day. Make a quick call to the John Moore Drain Clog Plumbers in Houston and your home will be running smoothly again in no time. Local residents have been counting on the John Moore Drain Clog specialists and Houston plumbers for over 50 years. Each of our Drain Clog Plumbers is a licensed and insured Houston plumber with extensive expertise and training to quickly determine the cause and location of a clog or stoppage. We have the equipment and technology to conquer any clog – including a state of the art drain clog jetting package that offers a camera inspection of the drain line. From kitchen and bath drain clogs to a main line blockage - stopped drains and tough clogs have met their match! Call a plumber in Houston for drain service today!
There are many reasons to work with our team, but what really sets us apart from other contractors is how we listen to our customers. We personalize every call by taking the time to listen to your needs and getting to the source of your problem. We do not carry out work without first discussing the issue with you in detail and presenting you with your options.

Hildebrant’s Plumbing Repair is a fully licensed and insured expert plumbing company that has served the local Tarrant County community since 2010. As a family-owned company firmly rooted in Christian values and beliefs, we have always believed in providing distinctly honest, affordable, and reliable plumbing service. Our lengthy record of satisfied, returning customers confirms that we provide only the highest quality services to our customers and their families.

Kay Plumbing Services has been locally owned and operated since 2008. We guarantee high quality, professional plumbing and gas services to the communities of Lexington, Columbia, Gilbert, Elgin, Blythewood, Irmo, Cayce and West Columbia South Carolina. Our plumbers are licensed and insured for new construction, established homes, multi-family residences and commercial businesses.


Home repairs and maintenance shouldn’t get pushed to the bottom of the to-do list. Unfortunately, most people don’t think they need plumbing repair services until there’s an emergency. While some plumbing issues may seem minor, they could actually be serious emergencies in the making. Routine repairs from Mr. Rooter® Plumbing are affordable, and they’ll save you from paying for emergency plumbing rescue in the future.

While certain plumbing issues, such as a minor toilet clog, can be quickly addressed with do-it-yourself methods, most plumbing problems require the assistance of a professional. Most homes' plumbing comprises a series of incredibly complex, interconnected systems that require the care and knowledge of an experienced plumber. With nearly 30 years in the industry, Horizon Services can handle your every plumbing need. From routine drain cleaning to water heater repair to emergency plumbing services, our highly-trained plumbers have seen it all! We rely on advanced techniques, including trenchless sewer repair, and cutting-edge technology in order to provide you with superior plumbing services, every time. We are proud to offer same day service and next day installation at no additional charge, and we provide emergency plumbing services at any time of day or night, including holidays, for the same low rate as our standard services.
Abacus’ residential and commercial plumbers are proficient at repairing all kinds of plumbing issues, including gas and electric water heaters, slab leaks, leaky pipes to hydro jetting clogged drains. Many plumbing problems are not DIY types of jobs, call Abacus so one of our licensed plumbers can fix your problem. Our plumbers are not only knowledgeable but their customer service skills will meet or exceed your expectations.
*Offer valid for one cable drain cleaning per household. Offer not available during holiday hours. Services must be scheduled during normal business hours (Monday – Sunday, 7am – 5pm). Accessible cleanout required. Offer applies to cable service only and excludes toilet auger or Scour Jet® drain services. Not valid on rain or storm drains. Additional services may be purchased at additional cost. Price of additional services will vary depending upon scope of work. Free estimates are provided prior to initiating work. Valid for residential customers only at participating ARS® Network locations. Not valid with any other offers, discounts or prior sales. Coupon required at time of service. Void where prohibited. No cash value. Offer expires 02/28/2019.
Abacus’ plumbers are also experts at sewer & pipe repairs, shower & tub repairs/installations, kitchen & bath faucet repair/installations, sink repairs/installation, plumbing inspections, water filtration, water softening, garbage disposal repair/installation, toilet repair/replacement, drain cleaning with drain camera inspections, leak detection/repair, plumbing repair/installation and back flow prevention for all Houston Texas homes & commercial business properties. Need an annual Plumbing Inspection on all your home’s plumbing systems? Ask about the Abacus CLUB. The CLUB membership will give you the peace of mind that your plumbing system is working at top efficiency. Our licensed plumbers will conduct an inspection of your home to look for and fix any potential plumbing problems. 
Eduardo is the best! I had a leaking kitchen sink and after watching YouTube I decided to try and fix it myself. I got most of the repair done but still had a small leak. I called Eduardo and he offered for me to text him a picture of the issue. I did and he was able to guide me through fixing the problem. No house call needed and no charge! He's earned my business for any future plumbing issues that I can't handle.
Hi Kenneth, We would be happy to get you connected with a pro for your project. You can submit a service request on our website: http://www.homeadvisor.com/, or browse reviews for local water heater pros here: http://www.homeadvisor.com/c.html. We can also have a project advisor reach out to assist you if you send your contact information to [email protected] –HASupport 

Of course, some repairs are easier and quicker to handle than others. Some are a major hassle—particularly those that involve working on pipes that are hidden behind walls or under floors or are otherwise difficult to access. This doesn’t mean you can’t do them yourself, it just means you may need a little more instruction, a few more tools, and a load of patience.
Tankless water heaters usually cost more to install than traditional tanks, because many homes need to be retrofitted to accommodate the new system. Tankless electric water heaters retail on average between $150 and $1,200, and tankless natural gas water heaters retail between $200 and $1,300 on average. The lower prices ($150-$250) are generally for point-of-use tankless heaters that can be installed to boost hot water in high-demand areas such as the bathroom or kitchen sink. Tankless water heaters designed to heat whole homes usually start under $300 at the low end and go up to $1,400 or more. Pricing for whole-home varies with the heater’s technology and features. Nationally, standard water heater installation costs average $360-$780, but tankless water heater installation costs may range from $400 to $1,000, depending on the work needed. Some perks of tankless water heaters are that they have nearly double the life expectancy of traditional water heaters and are generally more cost-efficient. Homeowners may be able to save $100 or more per year on their utility bills with an Energy Star approved tankless heater, depending on how much hot water they use. 

Quoted Prices Stay the Same We know how frustrating it is to be told one price before the job, but see a completely different (higher!) number on your invoice. When you work with us, you can rest assured that price will not change. We do not change the price based on how long the job takes. What we quote at the beginning is what you can expect once the work is complete.

For plumbing in Ventura County, Ca you should be able to call the best at any time day or night to handle all your plumbing services. The best, of course, is Roto-Rooter Plumber Ventura, Ca. Reliable plumbing means a reliable plumber. Don’t just choose the first name that you find, choose the best services by calling Roto-Rooter in Ventura County. (805) 620-3700

Quoted Prices Stay the Same We know how frustrating it is to be told one price before the job, but see a completely different (higher!) number on your invoice. When you work with us, you can rest assured that price will not change. We do not change the price based on how long the job takes. What we quote at the beginning is what you can expect once the work is complete.
My toilet was plugged and I realized it at 4:57 PM. You can live without a sink, you can live without a dishwasher, you cannot live without a toilet. After searching on yelp and checking out reviews, I found Eduardo's plumbing service. I gave him a call and he offered to come by since he was in the area. He was here on time, and because I was able to fix my toilet before he arrived he didn't even charge me. (What?!?!?!) To me, this is exceptional and totally not the norm in business today. While he was here, I showed him an issue with my dishwasher. He told me what I needed to purchase parts wise and we will be setting up an appointment for him to come back and make that repair for me. I can't recommend him highly enough! If you're looking for an honest plumber who shows up on time and charges a fair price, give him a call!
Oswalt’s Sewer Rooter & Plumbing Repair is a local expert that has your best interests in mind. We are passionate about helping our community in Bossier City, Shreveport, and the surrounding areas in northwest Louisiana. Our technicians and support team work together to provide you with a hassle-free experience. We want our customers to feel comfortable in their own homes or offices, and tailor our services to meet your needs.
Of course, some repairs are easier and quicker to handle than others. Some are a major hassle—particularly those that involve working on pipes that are hidden behind walls or under floors or are otherwise difficult to access. This doesn’t mean you can’t do them yourself, it just means you may need a little more instruction, a few more tools, and a load of patience.
The expense and inconvenience of repairing sewer or water pipes located underground cannot be underestimated. Not only does the process usually entail tearing up your lawn, it also usually means lengthy repair times and costly services. Sewer / water line repair is necessary, as you eventually may experience problems due to broken, cracked or corroded pipes. Some homes may need the pipes replaced entirely! If you’re facing these problems, call Mr. Rooter Plumbing immediately. We have a superior sewer line repair solution and can restore your property’s plumbing in no time.

512-276-7476 Steve's Plumbing Repair, Inc. takes the guess work out of plumbing. Do you own or manage rental properties in the Austin area? Are you about to take your first steps into the world of proper ownership or management? If so, then selecting a reliable, timely, affordable plumbing service should be tops on your list of things to do. Fortunately, Steve’s Plumbing Repair has the skill and experience you need to keep the water flowing as it should in your rental homes, duplexes, apartment buildings or condominiums.Call 512-276-7476 for your plumbing needs and estimates in Austin, TX and surrounding areas. Steve is a 3rd generation Austin plumber who knows the old neighborhoods like Tarrytown, Hydepark, and Allandale. If you need estimates on remodels, leaks, or plumbing repairs call today. Absolutely NO hidden fees. Call for service on sewer line repairs, sinks, faucets, remodels, toilets, and hot water heaters.


We understand how frustrating it can be to come home to an unexpected plumbing problem. That is why our team works hard to provide solutions you can trust. Our job is to make your life easier, not add to your plumbing problem. You can expect nothing short of exceptional service from start to finish.As a full-service plumbing company we are able to offer our customers the best solutions using the latest techniques and technology. You can be confident that the job will be completed through safe and proven methods. Because our goal is the same as yours: to make sure you enjoy the safety, comfort, and peace of mind you deserve.
The plumbing and sewer line repair experts at Mr. Rooter Plumbing can assess your sewer pipe cracks and damage. Mr. Rooter Plumbing wants to take steps to avoid sewer line replacement at all costs. While your property layout and sewer system are unique, there may be some basic issues that we can address. These are some of the most common repairs and replacements we perform:

After using several different services in the past, Edward has become my trusted plumbing and water heater specialist for both my rental properties and home.  Services he's done for me include: replacing water heater, replacing kitchen and bathroom faucets, snaking roots from pipes, and replacing toilets including fixing very problematic pipes and uneven flooring from previous toilet installation.  I trust his opinion and his work 100%!
Our master plumbers in Houston will assess the age and integrity of your pipes and determine the best course of action. Whether your home plumbing requires a pipe replacement, a horizontal pipe replacement for the pipes in your attic, or a whole-home repipe with highly durable and flexible PEX piping, you can rest easy knowing that your home is in the experienced hands of the licensed and highly-qualified John Moore Houston plumbing team.

When desperate times call for an experienced plumber, San Jose relies on the expertise of Gogo Rooter. From a dripping faucet to underground pipe installation, we can take care of every plumbing repair you may have. With fast plumber service and fair prices, you won’t find a better company for all your plumbing needs. We are dedicated to customer service, ensuring each job gets completed to your satisfaction and to our high standards.


Shop with confidence from a team you can trust. We are the pioneers of the online plumbing supply industry and have a deep understanding of unique, hard-to-find plumbing parts. We opened our online store in 1995, and we're still going strong today. Born into a world without Google, surviving the dot-com bubble, and flourishing in our 25th year, we continue to offer unrivaled customer service and a vast inventory. Because we don't believe in minimum orders, you have the freedom to order exactly what you need, anytime, anywhere.

*$200 minimum purchase required. Valid at participating ARS® Network locations. Not valid for third party, new construction or commercial customers, with any other offers, discounts or prior sales. See service center for details. Coupon required at time of service. Void if copied or transferred and where prohibited. Any other use may constitute fraud. Cash value $.001. Offer expires 02/28/2019.
The HydroStop replaces flimsy rubber flappers with a The HydroStop replaces flimsy rubber flappers with a sturdy tower it is engineered to eliminate the most common toilet problems. Unlike the angled floating close of a flapper the HydroStop drops vertically and solidly onto the flush valve opening to create a better seal and eliminate the possibility of leaks. ...  More + Product Details Close
Westbrook knows that quality construction starts with quality plumbing. Our design build experts use the latest techniques and technology to ensure that every building is fitted, piped and pressurized for maximum water flow and efficiency. With Westbrook’s team of plumbing experts, you can be sure that any new building won’t go without clean and safe water service.
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Mr. Rooter Local Plumbers in Atlanta offers affordable plumbing repair services, water leak repair, clogged drain cleaning, sewer line repair, toilet repair, sink and faucet repair, bathtub and shower repair in Atlanta, Sandy Springs, Marietta, Roswell, Dunwoody and all surrounding areas. Contact us today to schedule an appointment with one of our expert and licensed local plumbers in Atlanta. Locksmith Drain Cleaning Atlanta

I thought that my sump pump had ended its life and needed to be replaced. The contractor I found through Home Adviser came out the following day and arrived reasonably promptly.  The technician tested the pump and it wasn't responding. He then checked the  breaker panel and all seemed well. However he checked to see if power was reaching the outlet, it wasn't so he tripped some breakers and reset them and the power to my pump came on and the pump works so a replacement wasn't necessary. He charged $75.00 which I think was reasonable for a call-out fee and time spent.
TCR Rooter and Plumbing Repair has been providing professional service for our customers since 1993, and maintain the same quality of service for you today. Your satisfaction is our goal and we work hard to provide you with the best service in Northern Arizona. With our skilled team of certified, professional plumbers, we work to provide you with smart, satisfactory work for all your plumbing needs. New construction, remodels, leak repairs, sewer and water line replacements, water heaters, and any and all other service needs or emergencies you may have, we have your back. Look through our website or give us a call for more information on the services we provide and see what we could do for you.
"Len the Plumber has incredible service! They’ve been doing work at my home for years and I’ve never been disappointed. Justin is by far my favorite technician! He’s very knowledgeable about his job, takes the time to look after your needs and ensures your happy with his work. He’s outstanding!! I’d recommend Len the Plumber to anyone who has a plumbing need. You won’t be disappointed!! "
The Pink Plumber truly leads the way when it comes to plumbing services for both residences and commercial properties. Whether you have an emergency, you are installing new fixtures or you just need routine maintenance our expert staff is here to help 24/7. We understand that you depend on your plumber to get to the root of the plumbing problem and provide an effective solution. We provide outstanding client service which is one of the main reasons why we have thousands of satisfied clients.
The Oatey 8 oz. Handy Pack Purple Primer The Oatey 8 oz. Handy Pack Purple Primer and Solvent Cement contains code-listed primer and solvent cement needed for solvent-welding PVC pipe and fittings. Can be used with up to 4 in. Dia piping. Convenient Handy Pack for storage - just add pipe and fittings. Due to the nature of ...  More + Product Details Close
Even the smallest leak can be costly and lead to potential long-term damage, and letting them go untouched will only further deteriorate your home. Whether you need emergency service or a check-up to determine the location of the leak, call the professionals at Mike Diamond. We’ll visually attempt to detect the leak in your plumbing and repair it the same day whenever possible.
JJ's Plumbing Repair has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third party web sites or services. You further acknowledge and agree that JJ's Plumbing Repair shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such web sites or services.
Hildebrant’s Plumbing Repair is a fully licensed and insured expert plumbing company that has served the local Tarrant County community since 2010. As a family-owned company firmly rooted in Christian values and beliefs, we have always believed in providing distinctly honest, affordable, and reliable plumbing service. Our lengthy record of satisfied, returning customers confirms that we provide only the highest quality services to our customers and their families.
When you need a plumber, it’s not unusual to need one quickly. When you call us, you can be assured that your plumbing issue will be solved quickly and efficiently. Issues such as broken water heaters, overflowing toilets, and frozen pipes just can’t be ignored. You need to deal with them quickly. No matter what plumbing issue you’re experiencing, we can help to get it fixed.
If you decide to try this job yourself, be prepared to keep meticulous track of about a dozen tiny parts (put the stopper in the sink so none of them fall down the drain). There are many different faucet designs, so you may not be able to tell what to replace until you've done the disassembly. Whether you do it yourself or hire a plumber, this would be a good time to think about whether you want to upgrade the faucet with a new design.
Had Tony Brady from Benjamin Franklin in today for service on my toilet. This the first time I have needed to hire a plumber. I has very happy with the service I received. My appointment was set from 10am-2pm, and he arrived by 1030. Everything was explained to me, from what was wrong to the billing info. We had a second issue, and still Tony was done within the hour. When he heard that I had an issue when trying to book my appointment, he was empowered and made it right! I will for sure use Benjamin Franklin plumbing again (that is if I cant figure it out by watching youtube!)!!!
©2019 By Horizon Services, LLC. All Rights Reserved. DE License # PL0000726, HL0000299. Contractor Reg. # PA017876, PA057742. NJ Plumbing Lic. # PL36BI01232300 - David Geiger HIC reg. # 13VH05117300, NJ Master HVACR contractor Lic. # 19HC00193700. MD Master HVACR contractor Lic. # 47186, MD Master Plumber/Gas Fitter Lic. # 63739 – David Geiger. EL.LIC./B.P. #34EI01207700.
Severe plumbing emergencies can cause a lot of collateral damage and result in high costs if not addressed immediately. For example, if your basement floods at 2:00 A.M., it’s vital that an emergency plumber visits right away to resolve the problem and prevent further water damage. Our technicians can arrive at your residence as soon as possible, bringing state-of-the-art equipment to address the plumbing emergency, complete the job in a timely and efficient manner, and get your household plumbing systems back to normal quickly. Providing 24/7 plumbing is just one of the many services Roto Rooter fulfills.
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